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Feeding Birds In Your Backyard Tips For Beginners

For nature enthusiasts and bird lovers, creating a welcoming backyard sanctuary for feathered friends can be a rewarding experience. Whether you’re a seasoned birdwatcher or just starting to explore the world of backyard birding, this comprehensive guide will provide you with essential tips and insights to help you attract and nurture a variety of bird species in your own backyard.

From selecting the right bird feeders and seed mixes to providing supplemental foods and attracting specific bird species, this guide will equip you with the knowledge and techniques you need to create a thriving backyard habitat for our avian neighbors.

Feeding Station Options

Establishing a backyard bird feeding station is a rewarding experience that can bring joy and entertainment to nature enthusiasts. To attract a diverse range of avian visitors, it is essential to provide a variety of bird feeders that cater to different species and feeding preferences.

Bird feeders come in various types, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. Understanding these differences will help you choose the most suitable feeders for your backyard.

Hopper Feeders

  • Hopper feeders are designed with a large, open reservoir that holds a significant amount of seed.
  • They are ideal for attracting ground-feeding birds such as sparrows, juncos, and doves.
  • Hopper feeders are easy to fill and maintain, but they can be susceptible to contamination from droppings and moisture.

Tube Feeders

  • Tube feeders are cylindrical in shape with small perches attached to the base.
  • They are suitable for smaller birds like chickadees, finches, and goldfinches.
  • Tube feeders are designed to minimize seed waste and protect the seed from moisture, making them a good choice for attracting birds during inclement weather.

Platform Feeders

  • Platform feeders are flat, open trays that allow birds to feed from all sides.
  • They are ideal for larger birds such as cardinals, blue jays, and woodpeckers.
  • Platform feeders provide a natural feeding experience and can accommodate a variety of food items, including seeds, fruits, and suet.

In addition to selecting the appropriate feeder types, it is crucial to place them in safe and accessible locations. Feeders should be positioned away from potential predators, such as cats or hawks, and within easy reach of the birds.

By carefully considering the needs of different bird species and the advantages and disadvantages of various feeder types, you can create a backyard bird feeding station that will attract a diverse array of feathered friends and provide endless hours of enjoyment.

Bird Seed Selection

Selecting the right bird seed is crucial for attracting and nourishing backyard birds. Different seed types offer varying nutritional values, catering to specific bird species and dietary needs.

Types of Bird Seed

Common and nutritious bird seed options include:

  • Black Oil Sunflower Seeds: Rich in fat and protein, these are a favorite among many bird species, including cardinals, chickadees, and woodpeckers.
  • Safflower Seeds: High in oil content and resistant to pests, safflower seeds are preferred by cardinals, grosbeaks, and goldfinches.
  • Millet: A small, round seed high in carbohydrates, millet is suitable for ground-feeding birds such as doves, sparrows, and juncos.

Choosing the Right Mix

To cater to a variety of bird species, consider offering a mix of different seed types. A good starting point is a blend of black oil sunflower seeds, safflower seeds, and millet.

Storing Bird Seed

Proper storage is essential to maintain the freshness and nutritional value of bird seed. Store seed in airtight containers in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and moisture.

Supplemental Foods

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In addition to bird seed, you can offer supplemental foods to attract a wider variety of birds to your backyard. These foods can provide essential nutrients and energy, especially during times of scarcity.

Fruits and Berries

Many birds enjoy fruits and berries, which are rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Fresh fruits, such as apples, bananas, and grapes, can be cut into small pieces and placed in a shallow dish or on a platform feeder. Frozen fruits can also be used, but thaw them first to avoid freezing the birds’ beaks.

Avoid feeding citrus fruits, as they can be harmful to birds.

Nuts and Seeds

Nuts and seeds are a great source of protein and fat for birds. You can offer unsalted, shelled nuts such as peanuts, almonds, and walnuts. Sunflower seeds are also a popular choice, but avoid offering salted or flavored seeds.


Live insects are a natural food source for many birds, especially insectivores like chickadees and warblers. You can attract insects to your backyard by planting native plants that provide nectar and pollen, or by creating a small water feature. You can also purchase live mealworms or waxworms from pet stores.


Providing water for birds is essential, especially during hot or dry weather. A shallow dish or birdbath filled with fresh water will attract a variety of birds to your backyard. Keep the water clean and free of debris, and place it in a shaded area to prevent it from evaporating too quickly.

Attracting Specific Birds

Attracting specific bird species to your backyard can enhance your birdwatching experience and create a vibrant ecosystem in your outdoor space. By understanding the unique needs of different birds, you can tailor your feeding station and habitat to welcome specific species.


Hummingbirds are attracted to brightly colored feeders filled with sugar water. Place feeders in a sheltered location near flowers to provide ample nectar sources. Consider using hummingbird feeders with perches to allow them to rest while feeding.


Cardinals prefer sunflower seeds, safflower seeds, and peanuts. Offer these seeds in a hopper feeder or on a platform feeder. Cardinals also appreciate dense shrubs and trees for nesting and cover.


Bluebirds are attracted to mealworms, insects, and berries. Provide mealworms in a shallow dish or on a platform feeder. Bluebird nesting boxes should be placed in open areas with a clear flight path.

Birdwatching Etiquette

Birdwatching is an enjoyable activity that allows us to connect with nature and observe the beauty of birds. However, it’s essential to remember that birds are wild animals that deserve our respect and consideration. Proper birdwatching etiquette ensures minimal disturbance to birds and their surroundings.

To practice responsible birdwatching, maintain a safe distance from birds to avoid startling or stressing them. Avoid making loud noises or sudden movements that could disturb their natural behavior. Stay on designated trails and avoid trampling vegetation, as it provides food and shelter for birds.

Feeding Birds Ethically

While feeding birds can be a rewarding experience, it’s crucial to do so responsibly. Overfeeding or providing inappropriate foods can harm birds and create dependency. Offer a variety of birdseed and supplements in designated feeders to avoid attracting pests. Ensure feeders are clean and regularly sanitized to prevent the spread of diseases.

Avoid feeding birds during nesting season, as it may disrupt their natural feeding patterns and make them more vulnerable to predators. If you notice birds congregating near your feeders, gradually reduce the amount of food offered to encourage them to find natural food sources.


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By following the tips and advice Artikeld in this guide, you can transform your backyard into a vibrant and welcoming haven for birds. Remember to approach birdwatching with respect and patience, and you’ll be rewarded with countless hours of enjoyment and a deeper appreciation for the beauty and diversity of the natural world.

Common Queries

What is the best type of bird feeder for attracting a variety of bird species?

Hopper feeders are a versatile option that can accommodate a wide range of seed types and sizes, making them suitable for attracting a variety of birds.

What is the most nutritious type of bird seed?

Black oil sunflower seeds are a high-energy food source that is rich in protein and fat, making them a favorite among many bird species.

Can I offer table scraps to birds?

While it may seem tempting to share your leftovers with birds, it’s generally not recommended. Table scraps can be high in salt, fat, and other ingredients that can be harmful to birds.

How can I attract hummingbirds to my backyard?

Hummingbirds are attracted to brightly colored flowers and sugar water. Consider planting native flowering plants and setting up a hummingbird feeder filled with a 1:4 ratio of sugar to water.

Is it ethical to feed birds?

Yes, it is generally considered ethical to feed birds, as long as you do so responsibly. Avoid creating dependency by providing a variety of food sources and ensuring that birds have access to natural food sources as well.

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